Skin asthma, also known as eczema, is a common skin condition caused by attack of allergens. Skin asthma can affect people of all ages.
Skin asthma is more commonly known as eczema or atopic dermatitis. Skin asthma, also known as eczema, is a common skin condition caused by attack of allergens. Skin asthma, also known as eczema, is a common skin condition caused by attack of allergens. Skin asthma is generally caused due to hypersensitive reaction akin to allergy. Such people are more susceptible to falling prey to allergens found in the environment.
The condition of skin asthma is commonly seen in people with low immunity. Such people are more susceptible to falling prey to allergens found in the environment. Most of the people with skin asthma must alter their lifestyles to prevent severe rashes. The rashes are generally crusty and oozing. Skin asthma can affect people of all ages though it is not so common in adults. Here are some causes, symptom and treatments of skin asthma.
Causes of Skin Asthma
Causes of Skin asthma or atopic dermatitis is not known but hereditary and environmental factors are suspected. Certain agents trigger the onset of the disease. These include air-borne allergens, environmental factors, emotional stress, hormones, certain foods and chemical irritants. Stages and causes of skin asthma or atopic dermatitis are:
- infant stage- includes up to 2 years of age and typically appears when they are 6-12 weeks old.
- childhood stage range from 2 years to puberty. Due to constant scratching, the skin becomes hard and scaly.
- Adult stage begins at puberty. Adults may also develop eczema of the hand and foot. Those in occupations involving frequent hand washing and exposure to chemicals are more affected.
Atopic dermatitis usually appears in and around the body’s joints, but it can easily show up on the scalp, eyes, hands, feet and trunk. Generally, red, scaly patches crop up and are often symmetric. For example, if you have a patch behind your left knee, it is likely you will have one behind your right knee as well. Flare-ups will come and go depending on exposure to irritants. Common irritants include, weather, environment, dust, mold, chemicals, detergents and smoke. If you are unsure of your triggers, get an allergy test and keep a log or diary as to when flare-ups occur. This will help you and your doctor with treatment.
Treatment of Skin Asthma
- Usually, emollients in the form of crams, lotions, and gels keep moisture in, and protect the commonly dry skin of patients with dermatitis. These are mostly over the counter preparations. These also keep irritants away by forming a barrier between the skin and the potential trigger factors.
- If the break out is more severe, your dermatologist may prescribed the use of mild but potent corticosteroids to be applied on the skin one to two times daily. Treatment is usually extended for about 48 hours. If the skin gets infected due to scratching, the doctor might prescribe additional antibiotics.
Some kids respond to anti-allergy medications. These may be tried for a week or two, provided that it does not cause sleepiness during daytime.
- More serious conditions require extended or additional treatment. Medications that suppress the immune reaction of the skin may be prescribed. In difficult cases, bandaging, photheraphy, and systemic treatments are given.